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Proof Marks

Proof Marks

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Published by: Walter Julius Kuleck on May 21, 2011
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04/18/2013

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1984

PROOF MARKS

PROOF MARKS
The proof marks shown below will assist in determining nationality of manufacturers when no other markings are evident. Since the U.S. has no proofing houses (as in England, France, Germany and other European countries), most U.S. manufacturers voluntarily proof their firearms with a specifed style of proofmark (i.e. the interlocked ©WPª synonymous with the Winchester trademark can be fired using modern smokeless powder) shells. Pre-1850 European firearms oftentimes do not exhibit any commercial proof marks and, with the exception of an occasional barrel address, they represent the single hardest bracket of firearms one can research properly. Captured weapons from major wars occasionally show two different nationalities of proofmarks. This is acceptable since the gun was proofed in a national proof house after original manufacture and again when the gun was exported to a different country as a military acquisition. Please refer to the References section in this text for proofmark source information. AUSTRIAN PROOF MARKS CIRCA
since 1891 since 1891 1829-1958 1829-1958 since 1891 1891-1928

PROOF MARKS

PROOF MARK

PROOF HOUSE
Vienna Ferlach Vienna Ferlach Bundesheer Budapest

TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN
provisional proof for multi barrel guns provisional proof for multi barrel guns black powder proof for multi barrel guns black powder proof for multi barrel guns preliminary proof for multi barrel guns smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols smokeless powder proof for parabellum pistols

Since 1981

Ferlach

1891-1931

Ferlach

since 1891

Vienna

1891-1931

Weipert

PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS . - BRITISH PROOF MARKS PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1856 since 1856 since 1637 PROOF HOUSE London Birmingham London TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN provisional proof for barrels provisional proof for barrels definitive black powder proof for shotguns. cont.muzzle loader barrels definitive nitro proof for all guns .parabellum pistols definitive nitro proof for barrel and action black powder proof only for parabellum pistols since 1904 London since 1954 since 1904 Birmingham Birmingham .ENGLAND. MARKS. small bore guns and handguns View stamp and inspectors mark for parabellum pistols Nitro proof for rifled barrel and parabellum pistols rifled arms defense for smokeless proof parabellum pistols Superior nitro proof - - - - since 1893 - since 1853 Perron since 1924 - since 1852 - PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS. 1985 PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1852 PROOF HOUSE Belgium TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN provisional black powder proof for breech loading guns and rifled barrels double proof marking for unfurnished barrels triple proof provisional marking for unfurnished barrels definitive black powder proof for breech loading guns.PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS BELGIAN PROOF MARKS PROOF MARKS: BELGIAN PROOF MARKS cont. cont.

CIRCA 1868-1925 PROOF MARK PROOF HOUSE London TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN definitive special super power proof for parabellum pistols voluntary special black powder proof reproof marking for black powder rifles reproof marking for black powder rifles definitive black powder proof for shotguns definitive nitro proof for all guns view mark view mark 1868-1925 1868-1925 1868-1925 1868-1925 since 1904 since 1670 since 1904 PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS . cont. cont. Birmingham London Birmingham Birmingham Birmingham London Birmingham FRENCH PROOF MARKS PARIS HOUSE ST ETIENNE HOUSE CIRCA since 1897 TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN provisional proof unfinished short barreled guns standard proof for finished guns double proof finished and joined barrels single barrel proof for non-assembled guns finished black powder guns special proof for finished guns ordinary smokeless powder proof superior smokeless powder proof 1897 1897 1897 1897 1897 1897 1897 PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS.ENGLAND.1986 PROOF MARKS: BRITISH PROOF MARKS . . cont.ENGLAND. cont. PROOF MARKS: FRENCH PROOF MARKS.

German TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN voluntary proof for Flobert rifle repair proof for major gun parts provisional black powder for shotgun & multi barreled rifles definitive nitro proof for all guns definitive black powder for smokeless ammo guns Flobert for special purpose guns signal. Suhl E.PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS GERMAN PROOF MARKS PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS cont. German since 1945 since 1950 since 1950 since 1950 since 1950 E. German. German. German since 1952 W. Suhl E. German) Berlin (W. German) W. German. 1987 PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1952 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1968 since 1952 since 1952 since 1952 PROOF HOUSE Ulm Hannover Kiel (W. German. flare. gas. MARKS. Suhl . & stun guns smokeless powder proof 1st black powder proof for rifled barrels nitro powder proof repair proof 1st black powder proof for smooth bored barrels since 1952 since 1952 W. German) Munich Cologne (W. Suhl E. German W. German. Suhl E. German W. German W.

cont. German. German.1988 PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS. cont. cont. cont. Suhl E. PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS. Gardone & Brescia Gardone & Brescia SPANISH PROOF MARKS PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1910 since 1910 since 1910 PROOF HOUSE Eibar Eibar Eibar TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN provisional black powder proof for shotguns temporary black powder proof for shotguns final black powder proof for breech loading shotguns final smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns re-enforced smokeless powder proof for breech loading shotguns provisional proof for shotguns final black powder proof for breech loading shotgun since 1910 Eibar since 1910 Eibar since 1910 since 1910 Eibar Eibar . cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1951 since 1951 since 1951 PROOF HOUSE Brescia Gardone Gardone & Brescia TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN provisional proof for all guns provisional proof for all guns definitive proof for guns with smokeless powder finish proof for firearms ready for sale 1st black powder proof since 1951 since 1951 PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS. CIRCA since 1950 since 1950 PROOF MARK PROOF HOUSE E. ITALIAN PROOF MARKS PROOF MARKS: ITALIAN PROOF MARKS. Suhl TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN inspection mark choke-bore barrel mark PROOF MARKS: GERMAN PROOF MARKS.

MARKS. cont. cont. cont. PROOF MARK CIRCA since 1923 1989 PROOF HOUSE Eibar TYPE OF PROOF AND GUN final and single black powder proof for double barreled muzzle loading shotun final and single black powder proof for single barrel smooth bored breechloading guns final black powder proof for double barreled breechloading rifles final black powder proof for single barrel breechloading rifles reinforced voluntary proof for single proof for single and double barrel shotguns final proof of military-style rifle single and final proof of non-self loading pistols single and final proof for self loading pistols and revolvers admission proof for guns with old marks proof used in Barcelona for guns with old marks final proof for revolver proof for semiautomatic pistols special manufacturer's mark for guns made for foreign sales smokeless proof for shotgun barrels reinforced smokeless proof for shotgun barrels since 1923 Eibar since 1923 Eibar since 1923 Eibar since 1923 Eibar since 1923 since 1923 Eibar Eibar since 1923 Eibar since 1929 since 1929 Eibar Eibar since 1929 since 1929 since 1929 Eibar Eibar Eibar since 1929 since 1929 PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS.PROOF MARKS: SPANISH PROOF MARKS. Eibar Eibar .

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